where to travel in peru mountains valley inca

Travel Guide: Peru

In Travel by Continental StaffLeave a Comment

You’ve all seen the photos. Ancient Incan cities set high up in the mountains sure do create a lasting image. If that’s what you’ve come to Peru for, you won’t be disappointed, but there’s also much more to this amazing country, starting with some vibrant (and surprisingly large) cities. We’ll cover where to travel in Peru, how to get around, when to go, and how much it’s likely to cost you.

How do I get around?

In general, you’ll want to use trains or buses to get from point A to point B in Peru – except in some cases where you’ll need to travel by plane to reach more remote outposts. For the most part you should avoid renting a car due to relatively lax safety standards and dangerous driving practices.

map peru political south america coast ocean

When should I go?

June to September (dry season in the mountains and rainforest) is the most popular time to visit, though you can avoid crowds by going slightly earlier or later – while still taking advantage of decent weather. You can still justify a trip to Peru anytime of the year, with the summer and early fall months (December to May) the better time for beachgoers and surfers.

Where to travel in Peru

Arequipa | Cusco | Iquitos | Lake Titicaca | Lima | Machu Picchu | Mancora | Sacred Valley


lima city paraglider peru coast buildings modern

The largest city in Peru (and one of the largest cities in the entire Americas) is a bit of an odd animal. The urban sprawl can be a bit overwhelming but conceals a wealth of sights and activities within. With great museums, amazing food, and all the nightlife you’d expect from a mega city – you’ll find it quite easy to get lost (literally) in the streets of Lima. It may not always be the prettiest city in the world, but there’s absolutely no denying its energy. It’s a must-see, even if you’re just passing through.


cusco inca peru square plaza colonial buildings

Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire and the city itself is a marvel of historical architecture from both pre and post-Columbian eras. The city undoubtedly caters to tourists so it may not be the most authentically Peruvian experience you can find in the country – but that shouldn’t matter too much. We’d be remiss if we didn’t mention one of the main draws of Cusco – a convenient location for exploring some of the country’s most famous sights like…

Machu Picchu

machu picchu inca peru city Colombian wonder

One of the most well known attractions on the planet (considered one of the New Seven Wonders of the World), Machu Picchu is a stunning and picturesque remnant of a mighty civilisation from times before Europeans arrived. You likely know what it looks like from numerous pictures, but it’s quite something to see it in person. If you’re up to it, try hiking on the renowned Inca Trail to really get a feel for the area.


arequipa city volcano mountain building peru

The second largest city in Peru may not be as famous as Lima or Cusco, but to anyone who makes the trip, it serves as perhaps the most interesting of the bunch. Set in a stunning location (bordered by three volcanoes), Arequipa has perhaps one of the most spectacular backdrops of any South American city. Despite a significantly smaller population, the city also manages to hold its own against Lima with regards to cuisine and cultural events – albeit in a much more manageable size.


iqquitos port city peru amazon river rainforest boat

The largest city in the Peruvian Amazon may be a tough sell for some. Despite the beauty and diversity of the rainforest, the dangers, bugs, and humidity often drive away travelers and sightseers. Still, if you’re up to it, an Amazonian adventure can be quite an experience – and there’s no better place to start than Iquitos. Only accessible by boat or plane, the jungle city is surprisingly large while offering an experience like nowhere else. Beware of higher costs than most other places however due to the hassle associated with importation.


mancora peru town beach surf sand water

This resort in the northwest of the country serves as the undeniable go-to stop for lovers of everything about the beach. The area is almost always sunny, the waters are warm, the surfing is top notch, and the food options are plentiful (if you like seafood that is). After a day of riding the waves, retreat back to the main street for a surprisingly lively nightlife for a town of this size.

Sacred Valley

sacred valley peru inca ancient

Close to Cusco and Machu Picchu lies this Andean valley that serves as a snapshot of some of the most beautiful historical relics remaining in Peru. Towns, villages, Incan ruins and more meld seamlessly with a healthy collection of trails (both simple and advanced) – all set in a picturesque location. Exploring the valley is a peaceful experience and one that is well worth it after hitting the nearby tourist sights.

Lake Titicaca

lake titicaca peru bolivia water island floating town

On the border of Bolivia lies arguably South America’s most renowned lake. Set at a very high altitude (3812 metres to be exact), Lake Titicaca is a unique waterway – and we’re not just talking about the name. The setting is absolutely stunning while the coastal settlements feature an authentic view into a culture not seen in many other parts of Peru. You’ll truly feel removed from the bustle of city life along the lake’s shores.

How much does it cost?

Round trip flights between Pearson and Lima generally start at just under the $800 Canadian mark. This is by no means the only price however, as there are always deals and other offers available. Be sure to shop around to find the best possible rate!

While some tourist sights and out of the way areas might be more expensive, a trip to Peru is generally one of the cheaper excursions out there. Expect an average days cost to add up to around $51 with a budget of $22 for accommodation and $15 for food. If you’re thrifty, you could likely get by with the staggeringly low sum of $19 per day while a more luxurious lifestyle will cost closer to $148 per day.

peru traditional women dance city dress

Health and Safety

While there is no nationwide advisory in place for Peru, the Government of Canada does recommended a high degree of caution due to potential social conflicts throughout the country. In addition, there are a variety of regions that are not recommended for non-essential travel. They include (source):

  • the districts of Kimbiri, Pichari and Vilcabamba in La Convención province, Cuzco department (the city of Cuzco and Machu Picchu are not affected)
  • the Upper Huallaga and Ene river valleys in the Huánuco and San Martín departments
  • Huanta and La Mar provinces, in the department of Ayacucho
  • Huacaybamba, Humalíes, Leoncio Prado and Marañón provinces in the department of Huánuco
  • Huallaga and Tocache provinces in the department of San Martín
  • Padre Abad province in the department of Ucayali
  • Tayacaja province in the department of Huancavelica
  • Concepción and Satipo provinces in the Junín department.
  • border area with Columbia
  • border area with Ecuador
  • remote jungle areas where the Shining Path (terrorist group) operates

Despite these warnings, many areas of Peru are generally safe and see tons of tourists every year. That being said, domestic terrorism is a problem in remote areas while you should be wary of both violent and petty crime throughout. Road conditions are not great in many parts of the country, so be wary if traveling by car. If you plan on hiking or otherwise adventuring, make sure you are well prepared, someone knows where you are, and you don’t overestimate your skill level. Remain vigilant and use common sense at all times and you should come back from your trip no worse for wear.

Check the Government of Canada’s travel advisory website for more information HERE.

These are just a few examples of where to travel in Peru, there’s tons more to see and do. If you think somewhere else should be on the list, let us know in the comments. Check out our Country of the Week for more general information about Peruvian history and culture.

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